Growing Hope responds to CityFARM with the announcement of a similar service

Amanda Edmonds, the executive director of the local urban farming non-profit Growing Hope just sent in the following letter in response to my recent post about real estate developer Stewart Beal’s newly launched, somewhat competitive, largely for-profit entity, CityFARM.

Many, many community members and partners have come to me this past week with concerns about CityFARM — some of which I share, some of which I don’t share, and some of which. whether I share them or not, it’s not really my place to say. And, I’ve gotten countless calls and emails asking where I stand, and where Growing Hope stands. Stewart did contact me to talk directly over the weekend (and had sent me the email a week ago with the announcement of CityFARM), and Lauren had reached out Thursday/Friday last week (but hadn’t reached me — I’ll meet with her tomorrow. I wanted to wait until talking to them directly before sharing my views in a public forum.

I want to share where I stand philosophically, first. I find absolutely no problem with someone launching a service business in a field they think they have the appropriate competencies, and see market opportunity. Has the work of Growing Hope and others in the Ypsi area contributed to there being a market opportunity in this area? Sure, we have partially made that space, and that in itself is okay. CityFARM will test out their business model and either confirm, tweak, or move on if they don’t find that they have set appropriate price points or have a market here — to me that’s no problem at all, and the market will regulate that. I don’t yet have enough knowledge to understand fully the background they bring to be doing this and specializing in urban food production, but again, I figure that like any business, they’ll test the market, try out their service, and see how it goes.

Growing Hope is launching a somewhat similar service later this spring that will support our raised bed installation program. Since 2009, we’ve helped 150 low and no-income households in our area install raised bed vegetable gardens, and as we’ve found a lot of impact in building families’ capacity to access healthy food this way, we’re looking towards how to sustain that program (which had grant funding in year 1, and has been supported via general donations to GH and utilized volunteer support since) so that we can ensure and grow that impact. So, we’ll do some raised bed installations for a fee for service to bring in income that will support the cost of installing them with other families for free. We won’t do the customization, gardening for people, or other services CityFARM is offering. Let me note, however, that I have zero issue with the fact that CityFARM is also in this “market” we’re about to enter.

One of our considerations when launching a new earned revenue (i.e. call it social enterprise) venture is whether we can start small and scale it up over time — part of what is needed in our context to make something sustainable — so the scale of this for us 2012 will not be super large. We’ll utilize job trainees (via Michigan Works, as we’ve done in the past for other programs), with an end goal of eventually creating some sustainable jobs for people and empowering people with skills. When our Michigan Works Summer Youth Employment Crew helped install the raised beds in 2009, several applied and got to install beds at their own homes– all of those youth were from eligible low-income families — and I found the impact even greater when these young people got to be experts and bring such a great resource to their families. We actually have a whole matrix we developed to assess possible social enterprises, which includes both the business areas (e.g. start up costs, return on investment, etc) and the social factors we care about (does it create jobs, is it helping to overcome barriers for people in growing food, can it be replicated, etc).

The question around CityFARM, however, that is the point of the tension and debate happening — is about the role of the social enterprise component in this new venture. This is something I spend a lot of time reading, thinking, and talking about, and I’d recommend people look up the May 2011 issue of Inc Magazine for by far the best series of articles I’ve ever read about the different legal structures (from nonprofit to for profit, and hybrid models) in social enterprise. I believe there’s a space for people coming from every sector to do good and do it in a way that can sustain jobs, economies, businesses, community, etc. The models of how to do this are still very new, and I think there are a lot of learning curves for everyone attempting this. I think that for some coming from the nonprofit sector launching into more mission-related earned revenue or starting businesses, there is often a learning curve around some of business skills. And, I think that for those in the for-profit sector, there is very real learning around how to further a social mission in a way that (like any nonprofit) is responsive to and fits into the community it impacts, is done in partnership or collaboration with others in the area and involves people in defining the need and best way that entity can make an impact, etc.

From my vantage, when a business aims to engage with or further a social or community mission, there are an entirely different set of considerations (from the business part of the venture) in how that portion is planned, framed, how and when others in the community are informed, engaged, and involved. That is where, as I’ve communicated to Stewart and Lauren, I feel there’s been both naivity and some missteps. There is an active community of many partners in Ypsilanti urban agriculture and food systems in the nonprofit, for profit, and govt sectors — of which we’re clearly a big part — and I’d say we work together pretty well to support the greater issues of food security (which is very different from hunger), local food systems, economic development, making land available for urban growing, etc. Someone coming from a for-profit perspective may not, as has happened here, think about when and how you decide on that “doing good” part of the venture, in the context of a community where things are already happening. It happens, too, with people who show up in an area ready to start a new nonprofit without first contextualizing who is doing what where, what the needs and gaps are, how to gain community input, and, if taken from a positive perspective, where their intentions can really have the most impact. There was little thought — again, not out of any malicious place from my view — to whether it’s appropriate to call something a demonstration urban farm (and what that really means) without talking to someone like Growing Hope or others. We don’t have the monopoly on urban farming, but clearly play a big role here in Ypsi, and the community has invested time and money for now 4+ years to get our demonstration and training urban farm to fully open. (…and we’re getting super near re: this stage of fundraising and completion, ready to open this spring finally!!!!!) There was a lot of purposefulness in what we’ve developed, and before buying the Growing Hope Center property in 2007 we spent two years gaining input and planning for it. (Notably, the nonprofit process often moves much slower than for profit, but there are some advantages re: planfulness.) So, yes, as I told Stewart, I think their not thinking about the appropriateness or consequences of calling their demo donation beds a “demonstration urban farm” is one of the missteps. We’ve worked with Food Gatherers, and all of our area community gardeners, to identify what items are most needed and best grown for donation, and to help get the word out to those growing in the community how best their extra harvest can best impact food security. We’ve tried out systems so that multiple Ypsi gardens can donate their harvest and take turns dropping stuff at Food Gatherers, so we can better leverage the impact. So, we do have some expertise how demonstration donation beds could best showcase and further the impact of this endeavor, and indeed it would have been preferred to be contacted in advance to give input (that they could take or leave) in that design. Likewise, Growing Hope and others in the community teach gardening, through individual community experts like Lisa Bashert, mentoring that happens through small businesses like Ginny Golembewski’s, et al, so in offering that service as part of CityFARM it would have been more appropriate to understand or be in touch with the community of people doing this already and identifying, possibly, a new niche. And, offering an unpaid intern a “certification” in urban gardening can dilute the meaning of other such programs (e.g. the Organic Gardening certification course at WCC developed with Project Grow). I know they just didn’t think of that potential impact — and that’s kind of exactly the point of the issue.

I’ll note without speaking for them that this sort of thing happens in Detroit quite frequently, and I’ve watched the fallout and consequences over the years. An issue becomes “hot”, in part because people on the ground have been working for a long time to build examples of change, and others see that opportunity and get much media attention in their seemingly “new” efforts. It happens in the nonprofit and for profit sectors. I don’t think CityFARM is at all claiming to be the pioneer in this area, but some in and out of our area not familiar with what’s already going on across sectors in Ypsi will see and report on them as such. Clearly, from all the contact people have made with me around this (and I’ve not read most of the blog or comments yet), people in our community are sensitive to this, and that’s encouraging. In some ways it’ll be in CityFARM’s court to, in countering the storm and moving forward, make conscious effort to reframe their social enterprise part of the venture in the context of who and what’s already happening in the community. I’m confident they will.

And of course, as is happening here, when coming from the for-profit side particularly, some will question the authenticity of the effort, and whether the “doing good” part is more about PR than doing good. It is always worth examining closely for any venture. Ideally, it’s a win-win from both perspectives. While our work starts from the “doing good” side, we do believe we’ll have some competitive advantage because people know the direct impact of their hiring us. And likewise, many of us support businesses in our community because we know they support the community in various ways, from a bar who will host a nonprofit fundraiser, or a business that does pro-bono services, etc. I want a business to tell me what they’re doing good in a community, so that I can support them. People may question whether CityFARM is overstating their prospective impact through some donation gardens? Very possibly, but again in a way the market will to an extent regulate that over time if theirs are conscious consumers.

But, I work to stay positive. Lauren and Stewart both realized they’ve ruffled some feathers without an intention of doing so. I am confident that, as I said to Stewart, we’ll find the win-win opportunities in our community to further the “good work”, and I believe in now realizing what they’ve inadvertently done, they’re looking for that. How can they support local growers and suppliers (us and others) for all of their materials? How can they contribute their resources/assets (e.g. vehicles, et al) at times when other urban ag projects in the community really need them? Maybe their on-line marketplace will sell Growing Hope’s raised bed kits or another community members’ rain barrels. Maybe they’ll hire people who’ve come through ours and others’ training programs. I will offer my own suggestions for finding those win-wins and hope they’ll take some to heart. They of course don’t have to, but for now I’m going to trust that they will. I believe that all we can do is move forward, work towards more positive relationships, be open to really hearing where each other are coming from, and be responsive and respectful of where our community is at. We ultimately need a community — and more specifically a local food system — that supports economy, ecology, and community, and we need to recognize that there are going to be players from a variety of sectors and from a variety of scales in that.

So, how, if at all, does that change your opinion of Beal’s newest venture? And, more importantly, who are you going to hire when it comes time to build your next raised bed – CityFARM or Growing Hope?

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  1. Max Abuelsamid
    Posted February 28, 2012 at 10:41 pm | Permalink

    I’d still rather just build the damned bed myself.

  2. Anonymous Mike
    Posted February 28, 2012 at 10:50 pm | Permalink

    I know it’s not very nice of me to say so, and it kind of goes against the positive vibe of this letter, but it just occurred to me that we could build a hell of a lot of raised beds if we started scrapping Beal’s rental properties.

  3. Jordan Miller
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 7:11 am | Permalink

    Amanda is, and always has been, a class act. She couldn’t come out guns a-blazin’. What she did instead was offer an insightful and well-educated opinion that shows her experience and wisdom. It was a tad long, so maybe consider some editing for other forums, but I’m applauding Amanda and her organization, which has thrived due not in small part to her leadership.

  4. Nancy
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 7:40 am | Permalink

    You have to admit that City farm is a pretty cool name.

  5. Dan
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 9:32 am | Permalink

    They should have called it FarmVille.

  6. anonymous
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 9:50 am | Permalink

    I don’t know about everyone else, but enjoy seeing Beal get his tushy spanked in public.

  7. Eel
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 10:32 am | Permalink

    This was well played by Growing Hope. They’re getting a lot of rightfully deserved attention, and, in the end, their garden building services will be in greater demand than those offered by Beal. They couldn’t have scripted it any better if they’d hired a professional villain from central casting.

  8. Adam G.
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 10:48 am | Permalink

    Many thanks to Amanda for this well thought out and very informative letter. I am very glad to have GH in our community and glad that she’s at the helm. I am hopeful that CityFarm will be the barometer of this sort of business model that Amanda predicts it will be. There is much to be learned from this venture whether it is successful or not.

  9. Walt
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 1:32 pm | Permalink

    In the time it took to read that letter, I could have built five raised beds.

  10. kjc
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 1:38 pm | Permalink

    but how long would it take you to raise 5K.

  11. anon
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 1:42 pm | Permalink

    Here’s to all the gardeners and urban farmers in our lovely town who do it unofficially.

  12. Laura
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 3:19 pm | Permalink

    I’m voting with some cold, hard, cash. We’re not rolling in money by any means but I know every dollar sent to Growing Hope is wisely used to better my community and help my neighbors, without an eye to turning a personal profit or trumpeting a self-congratulatory and newly-minted “mission” to “help save the world” [verbatim quote from Cityfarm website].

    I’ve donated to GH in the past, and I’m sending out a check today. As I said in another thread, I’m not affiliated with them–just a local veggie gardener who admires and supports their good work. They are one of the gems of Ypsilanti and an org Ypsilantians can be proud of. I am sending a check to GH, P.O. box 980129, Ypsilanti, MI 48198, but it’s also easy to donate online at

    I would ask fellow Ypsilantians to join me, even with a small donation–even a little counts and adds up. If you support GH over Beal, show them. Send them a little money to help THEM “kickstart” the programs Amanda mentioned. It’s money well spent.

  13. Fritz
    Posted February 29, 2012 at 6:53 pm | Permalink

    For anyone who’s thinking of trying a raised bed this spring, I’d like to share the what I’ve learned from a few years of building ours:

    It can be very easy.

    The first one I did was built like a tank, with 4×4 posts at every corner. Each generation after that got lighter and lighter. Really, all you need is four pieces of wood and a way to keep them from rolling away or falling over.

    90% of the bed’s value is in the mind, focusing it on *that*patch of ground, and keeping it from becoming overwhelming. A wooden rectangle makes the garden look good. And it clearly marks the place you’ve put compost and mulch, etc.

    But strength is not required. Just slap down a wooden rectangle and start growing things.

  14. Jeff McCabe
    Posted March 1, 2012 at 4:23 pm | Permalink

    Another thought on simple raised beds: I like to make them out of logs. They are often free, look great and last for a good long time. And even as they begin to decay over the years, they turn into soil. A drill bit and a couple of landscape spikes make them pretty sturdy. If a tree service is working in your area, they are often glad to leave you some material.

    That said, I like Laura’s initiative and will kick in a little additional support to Amanda and all the good that Growing Hope continues to manifest in the community.

    As far as the CityFARM project goes: I wish them well and hope they figure out a way to do some good. Not sure it looks like a viable plan, but I have been wrong before! One thought: I know that Food Gatherers ends up throwing away or composting quite a bit of the perishable food that comes in the door. It is just so hard to handle this type of donation. offers a novel approach to this problem: skip the food bank and go straight to the food pantry. They offer an extensive network of pantries across the country and individuals can crowd-source the model. This could save a lot of food waste and cut a lot of transportation (over to A2 only to come back to Ypsi?). For myself, I prefer the idea of helping people grow their own food, helping them find gainful employment so they do not need the handout, and, finally, for me – putting efforts into four-season growing (like the hoop-house that Growing Hope has) that feed people throughout the year.

  15. Amanda
    Posted March 1, 2012 at 10:09 pm | Permalink

    Just a note on donations of fresh food to Food Gatherers– we’re so lucky to have such an amazing organization in our community in Food Gatherers. They very much recognize that not all food is healthy food and work actively (with amazing strides they can probably chime in with numerics around) to transform the emergency food system to one that has more and more fresh and healthy food. In addition to building their own Gathering Farm, purchasing fruits & vegetables, and taking donations from gardeners/farmers, they have also have put great energy into helping their partner pantries build capacity to store and distribute perishables, it. Growing Hope does encourage all gardeners to grow an extra row for Food Gatherers– but it’s most impactful to grow and donate what’s on their list (which includes both more shelf-stable items, and the things they get less from groceries and others). That list is here:

    And, I personally will continue to support Food Gatherers with cash contributions this year, which supports their great work in supporting food security. I hope you do too!

  16. Eileen Spring
    Posted March 2, 2012 at 11:00 am | Permalink

    Eileen from Food Gatherers here, appreciating all the energy and enthusiasm around this discussion. Thanks Amanda for seeking to educate. I need to jump in and respond to Jeff McCabe’s misperception about Food Gatherers. I can assure folks that the beautiful fresh produce donated to us by gardeners and farmers is quickly distributed and RARELY ever wasted. For more than 20 years, we have built and maintained an extensive distribution system throughout the county, not just in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti. As the community’s food rescue program, we also pick up food from dozens of grocery stores and other kinds of food businesses…much of this food is nearing its expiration date. Whatever is still wholesome and safe to eat is distributed quickly to appropriate community agencies providing hot meals or after school snacks or emergency food. Everyday, Food Gatherers distributes 8 tons of food! The food that can not be distributed for safety reasons or produce that is just too far beyond use ends up being composted when possible, or in a dumpster (but remember it was heading that way already.)

    Food Gatherers works with more than 150 community programs; for most of them, approx 70% of their food comes from Food Gatherers. Many of them happily receive donations directly from individuals and that’s great, but please check with them first before leaving several cases of zucchini on their doorstep. If you are donating something on a Monday afternoon, and the agency hosts their food distribution the following Saturday, that is just not as helpful. So, individual growers can do that legwork themselves or donate to Food Gatherers and we will ensure that the recipient agency is equipped to handle the donation and that they safely and effectively distribute the food to people in need. Visit our website at or actually call us at 734-761-2796. Or you can visit the wesbite Jeff suggests:, and type in a Washtenaw County address, and you will be directed to Food Gatherers as well.

  17. Posted July 23, 2012 at 3:31 pm | Permalink

    Ive known Amanda, and Growing Hope for a long time. What an incredible group of selfless people. I applaud every thing they do. My feeling on Beal’s “thing” is a Lot like Eel said in a previous comment. His name will bring a lot of attention to the city farming venture; however having lived in Ypsi for 12 years I know that a LOT of the people who would be interested in having raised beds would be most likely to build them themselves, and look to GH for help; and to also agree with another comment: You may think that you need some super indestructible structure… you dont. Just some well placed boards and watch t grow. Anything more than that is going to require maintenance and more so, if you want to move it for what ever reason, youre a lot less committed (I had to move mine because when I built it the trees were naked, once the leaves filled out I was in All shade). It’s always better in a community to go with people in the community whose passion is where yours is. GH’s passion lays in the betterment of our community. I do not know where Beal’s is. But, at the end of the day if people are growing their own food its still a win for a more healthy community.

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